Are you trying to learn about logistics and need some basic information to assist you in being able to understand it? Let's take a look first at what logistics is and what it involves. Logistics is actually relatively simple it is the management of the flow of goods from one point of origin to a destination. This is used in order to meet the customer's requirement in the freight of moving products. This involves many things such as information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling and packaging. It is a channel of a supply chain that adds the value of time and place. A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, technology, activities and information that is used in moving a product or service from the supplier to the customer.
When trying to understand logistics it is important to understand the two different types of viewpoints that are involved. The first viewpoint is inbound logistics; this is the primary process that focuses on purchasing and arranging inbound movement of materials, parts and inventory from the supplier to the stores. The second viewpoint is outbound logistic; this is the process that is related to the storage and movement of the product.
The next part to logistics is the different fields that are involved. There are 4 main fields involved in logistic fields; these are procurement, production, and distribution and disposal logistics. Procurement logistics consists of things like market research, planning, make or buy decisions, ordering, supplier management and order control. Their main purpose is to maximize the efficiency by concentrating on core competency for outsourcing.
Product logistics consists of using the available production capacities such as layout planning, production planning and control to produce the products needed in the distributing process. Distribution logistics consists of order processing, warehousing and transportation in order to deliver the finished products to the customers in a timely matter. Lastly, disposal logistics main purpose is to reduce the costs and enhance the services in order to save natural resources.
Logistics management is another important concept of logistics, this is because it is the part of the supply chain that plans, implements, and controls the efficient effect of the forward flow of goods and services. This is done in order to produce an efficient method to help in planning, production, and distributing. Overall, they maintain a professional field of logistics management that aids in the business side of the supply chain in order to maintain an effective method of moving goods and raw materials.